The Critical Role of Artificial Intelligence in TV Production for Improvement

Media Entertainment Tech Outlook | Tuesday, October 26, 2021

Artificial intelligence and machine learning applications in broadcasts continue to expand to improve the user experience.

FREMONT, CA: Artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) advancements enable broadcasters to provide expanded coverage of live events. This problem-solving system is learning to create a series of shots that appear natural to the spectator for live recordings. Additionally, this AI is proven beneficial for sifting through massive data in search of news items. Further, it can be utilized to improve the viewing experience for visually and audibly handicapped viewers.

Single-camera outside broadcast: Some may be concerned that AI systems will eventually supplant human crews. Indeed, the technology is currently being used to cover events that would not have been televised otherwise. 

These cameras record in 4K resolution, which is significantly higher than what is required for broadcast. This means that multiple compositions can be created during the production process by simply cropping in on the film. The use of these low-cost static cameras enables a one-man crew to cover smaller live events. Additionally, it allows an external broadcast team to wrap a more significant number of sites. Including those that would make a more prominent arrangement impossible. Real-time compositions and cropping are possible, allowing the film to be broadcast live.

Auto framing and sequencing: AI is being utilized with these UHD static cameras to automate framing and sequencing. This enables it to automate both the required crops and the feed sequence.

The algorithm frames the shots using simple composition guidelines that are second nature to camera operators. Additionally, it makes use of face recognition technologies to identify the people. After that, various compositions in wide, mid, and close-up can be learned to suit the subjects and their environment.

The AI system may be trained to place these photos in a natural sequence for the viewer. This needs the algorithm to consider the duration of each photo and the duration of the subject's speech. In addition, any audience or other subject reactions are taken into account.

When tested alongside a human operator, the technology falls short of the finer details of an experienced camera operator. Nevertheless, the outcome is impressive, and AI is still being developed. For example, a camera operator would avoid distracting items that break the frame's edge or cropping that are uncomfortably close. Without precise guidelines in place, the AI, on the other hand, has no way of knowing to keep an eye out for them.